Oral Biopsy / Pathology
The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any alteration in this appearance could be a warning sign for a pathological process. The most serious of these is oral cancer. The following can be signs at the beginning of a pathologic process or cancerous growth:
- Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth.
- A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily.
- A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth.
A chronic sore throat or hoarseness. Difficulty in chewing or swallowing.
These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate, and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face and/or neck. Pain does not always occur with pathology, and curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer. However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer.
We would recommend performing an oral cancer self-examination monthly and remember that your mouth is one of your body’s most important warning systems. Do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores.
With an oral examination and X-rays of the mouth, Dr. Allen and Dr. Mraule can evaluate the position of any teeth in question and predict if there are present or may be future problems. Studies have shown that early evaluation and treatment result in a superior outcome for the patient. The surgery is usually performed using local anesthesia but can also be performed using IV sedation. If IV sedation is chosen, the patient will be given the *Instructions for Intravenous Sedation or General Anesthesia, as well as a prescription for pain medication should it be needed after surgery and antibiotics.
Frequently Asked Questions - Oral Biopsy / Pathology
What are Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology?
Oral and Maxillofacial pathology are concerned with diagnosis and study of the causes and effects of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region. It establishes the critical connection between oral disease and systemic disease.
What is a biopsy of gums?
A gum biopsy is a medical procedure in which an oral surgeon removes a sample of tissue from your gums and sends it to the laboratory for analysis. A gum biopsy is also called a gingival biopsy because gingiva is another word for gums.